Skip to content

Posts from the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Now is the time to Advance+ your forage and make every tonne count

This year has been one of change and uncertainty, and we aren’t just talking about agriculture!  Prices have fluctuated considerably, for good and bad on all sectors and the weather has been challenging.  It started with a very wet start to Spring and then straight into an extended period of hotter drier conditions.  Grass found it hard to adapt to the conditions, with later manure and fertiliser applications and it never really hit the typical May growth peaks.  As such 1st cut yields were lower than expected, albeit in favourable dry conditions but there is some catch up needed so that clamps and bale yards are full for the winter feeding period.

Farms will be looking to capitalise on the remaining grass cuts and alternative forages to make up any deficit in 1st cut yields.  Reports around the country are that 2nd cuts are looking good and have yielded well.  With every tonne of silage important, farms should be looking to minimise dry matter (DM) losses from forage at ensiling.  Research has shown that dry matter losses are costing UK farmers on average £25 per tonne of DM.  Simple changes in silage making practices like ensuring a rapid wilt to a target of 30% DM as quickly as possible to make sure grass is dry enough for the clamp or bale while avoiding losses of essential nutrients.  Also using a silage additive like Advance+ will drive a faster fermentation once ensiled thus reducing DM losses during this process to improve protein and sugar levels and intake potential.

Advance+ consistently improves silage quality when forage analyses are taken.  Based on data from a bank of 200+ samples from 2018, Advance+ had the following benefits:

  1. Reduction of 3.5% DM losses i.e. extra 35 tonne DM in 1000 tonne clamp
  2. Extra 0.52 MJ/kg of Metabolisable Energy (ME) which can provide extra 1.5 L of milk from forage
  3. Extra 46% sugar content as Advance+ bugs are more efficient during fermentation

If you are now thinking to yourself now that you want to reduce DM losses during ensilage and that you want more nutrients in your silage, then you need to be using a silage additive like Advance+ on every cut.

Provita Advance+ provides such dependable results because of the unique EU-approved triple strain combination.  All strains of bacteria in Advance+ are registered with the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) which requires extensive dossiers covering quality, safety, and efficacy.  Being a multi-strain product it also increases reliability over a wider range of conditions which is very useful for the unpredictable weather conditions we can have.  Applied at the recommended rate, Advance+ is guaranteed to supply 1.2 million bacteria per gram of forage.  This high level of inoculant means sufficient numbers of bacteria are present to kick start and accelerate the fermentation process to lock in that goodness in the silage as demonstrated above.  There is lot of research to show that for green crops in the UK, a minimum of 1 million bacteria per gram of forage needs to be applied, as additives containing less will not be cost effective and will not control the preservation you require.

Using Advance+ will improve face stability and prevent heating because of the inclusion of acetic acid forming bacteria in the mixture.  Although it is more of an insurance policy to help some inaccuracies in the ensiling process, care will need to be taken to avoid over-wilting as spoilage organisms will build up on the crop the longer it is left and adequate rolling at filling time will help consolidation.  Yet Advance+ is very effective at reducing spoilage, moulding and heating issues at silage face provided normal silage management is good

Silages treated with Advance+ consistently show more true protein, more energy and higher digestibility resulting in improved animal performance.  So by not using a silage additive you are not saving money, it is actually costing you money because the losses are greater and animals will underperform and require more concentrates to make up the difference!

Typically using Advance+ will yield a return on investment of 6:1 even in good weather.  Advance+ will have a cost equivalent to 4-5 pence per cow per day and calculated milk yield response can be 1.5 Litres per cow per day.  Therefore for no more than 5 pence you are likely to get back at least 30 pence on every cow, every day.  I think you can agree this is a reasonable investment!

Francis and Joe Connon, Limavady know the benefits of using Advance+.  They run a 220 dairy herd and anaerobic digester (AD) on the outskirts of Limavady.  New entrants to dairy having started in July 2019, having reduced the suckler herd and finishing numbers.  A big focus for them has always been to make the best quality silage for the milking herd, youngstock and ADs to maximise profits from forage.  Most years will see Joe ensile 1800-2000 acres of forage, predominantly grass, along with rye and maize. Joe recently commented that “all grass silage was very good quality and despite being dry it fed out very well.  We also used Advance+ on the rye crop last year and fermentation and stability was 100%. We plan to cut rye next week, then onto 2nd cut on the following days which will all be treated with Advance+”.

With Joe taking care of much of the day-to-day running of the dairy unit and ADs, this leaves Francis more time to focus on his other business at Connon’s General Merchants, Kells, Ballymena.  Having such good results with Advance+ on his own farming enterprises, Francis is pleased to stock Advance+ to supply local customers so they gain the same benefits.

Advance+ has been specifically formulated to be used on grass, wholecrop and maize forages to provide optimum fermentation and stability characteristics.  This multi-purpose nature of Advance+ has helped grow its popularity for wholecrop and maize applications.  Co. Armagh milk producer and Artisan cheese maker at Ballylisk, Dean Wright will grow approximately 40-45 acres of wholecrop each year.  Having tried Advance+ on wholecrop a few years, after great success on grass silage, the results were just as pleasing.  Dean explained, “having to handle only one additive is 1 less thing to think about and Advance+ does a great job fermenting the wholecrop, with very little spoilage and keeping it cool at the face through the winter.  I cannot justify paying a higher price for a wholecrop specific additive when Advance+ does as good a job.”

For more information contact George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk, 07841 926219.  *references available on request

Advance+ silage inoculant unique formulation

It looks like Spring has finally sprung for 2020 with a much needed drier spell over the last 10 days to allow final application of slurry and fertiliser to first cut silage fields. With warmer temperatures due this weekend, grass growth should be in a perfect position to respond well.  Farmers have the ability to control forage quality, albeit except for weather conditions, therefore good attention to detail at this early stage in the season will pay dividends when it comes around to feeding later in the year.   Making positive gains in dry matter, energy, protein, stability etc. will accumulate to a better overall forage and generate more milk or weight gain – key performance indicators for improving farm profitability.  Advance+ 2019 sample results were very pleasing; Provita are happy to discuss examples of these analyses with farmers.

Provita research and development team have improved Advance+ formulation so that its shelf life is extended to up to 24 months.  Provita guarantee that when the product is stored correctly, the high inclusion levels of 1.2million cfu/g, will be maintained throughout the new extended shelf-life and this will be reflected in consistently achieving the proven efficacy results.  Provita Advance+ silage inoculant is a unique formulation combining EU approved and UFAS approved lactic and acetic acid bacterial strains.  Performance benefits include +1 litre of milk per cow per day and up to +30% better growth rates.  Better fermentation is also shown with 46% more sugar, 33% less ammonia and double stability time at feed out. (Source: EU reg data and in-house data)

Co Armagh dairy producer and owner of Ballylisk Dairies, Dean Wright, uses Advance+ on all forage types.  Dean knows the importance of achieving the best possible fermentation and preservation of the silage.  That is why he chooses to use Advance+ on every crop and has done consistently for over 6 years.  Annual forage analysis and mini-silo tests confirm every time the benefit of applying Advance+ to forage.  Each analysis returns levels of dry matter, metabolizable energy, pH, sugars, protein and D-values that are always superior to untreated samples adding extra value to the silage and results in a genuine return of investment for the farm.  Dean is targeting more milk production from forage and making the best quality silage with the help of Advance+ is key to this goal.

Independent Feeds, a Cheshire based company are a fantastic partner in distributing Provita Advance+ under the name Provita Provance in Great Britain. Andrew Henderson, Chief Executive, Independent Feeds explains why they chose Provita ‘I have sold silage inoculant for over twenty years and took the decision to move to Provita’s inoculant in 2017, as their data from mini-silo tests was very encouraging. We have performed mini-silo tests ourselves for the last two years and have therefore been able to show the benefits to farmers as they can see their own farm results. Over 90% of the people re-ordered in our second year, on the back of the great success rate they had seen, and sales continue to grow year on year.  Thousands of treated tonnes confirmed for 2020 season’

*References available on request

Written by George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk.078 41 92 6219.  FREEPHONE 0800 338 4982 for your local stockist and ADVANCE+ SPECIAL OFFERS

Hoofsure Endurance: Tried and Tested against Copper Sulfate and Formaldhyde

DAIRY WINTER HOUSING:  GETTING ON TOP OF LAMENSS AND KEEPING IT LOW

Andrew Dale milks 110 Fleckvieh and Fleckvieh-cross cows near Limavady in partnership with his parents.  Rolling yields are around 6,500 litres with the aim to breakthrough 7,000 litre threshold soon.  The farm is focused on maximising output from forage with extended grazing and quality silage made.  Zero grazing has been introduced in the past two years to help achieve this aim on this fragmented farm.  In Spring 2017, Andrew identified a build-up of Digital Dermatitis (DD) related lameness and levels were unacceptably high for him. He contacted Provita and availed of the complimentary parlour and mobility scoring.  After the cows were scored it was confirmed that DD was indeed high with 70% of cows displaying various stages of DD.  Andrew was committed to reducing this figure by all means necessary.

Initially the cows were spot sprayed with Hoofsure Endurance at 25% dilution for 2 weeks followed by daily footbathing.  “We could see rapid progress within a few weeks, initially the active stages dropped down to 35%, and then further to 5% to 10%” confirmed Andrew. “We now manage to keep levels to this low percentage the majority of the year, with small intermittent rises when in the middle of autumn peak calving and full time winter housing commences.  But I know by keeping an eye on it, spraying more cows in the parlour, increasing the footbath frequency I get on top of it quickly.  Currently I am running the footbath daily at 2-3% as I have numerous freshly calved and early lactation cows going through which I want to keep right from day 1 and I know it will pay off as the winter months pass.”  Andrew has also noticed that the cows mobility is much improved, they are much more settled in the parlour and at the feed bunk and he has culled less cows due to lameness also.

Milking cows are footbathed 5-7 days per week and dry cows and heifers at least once a week. Andrew commented, “regularly footbathing the dry cows and heifers has made a big difference and was quite easy to implement.  I now see less problems with freshly calved animals with DD and lameness and cows calve down with less problems too.  We have new heifer accommodation built on farm for this Autumn and I have made arrangements to have footbathing facilities in it.”

At the start of the programme back in 2017 there was a fair investment made in the product but by sticking with the recommendations we have seen very good results. I find the contact from Provita staff beneficial as it is an extra incentive to make sure you stick to the plan so that you don’t allow the DD levels to start to increase again. Also a fresh set of eyes can see things that you miss whenever you are trying to juggle all the various jobs that need done on a daily basis around the farm. With the feet right, the cows are performing better, overall health is very good and I believe every animal is nearing their full potential. I am now in the fortunate position where I can be more selective in breeding strategy as I can afford to let go of under-performing cows and hit the herd target of 7,000 litres per cow sooner rather than later.”

For more information please contact George Shaw, Technical Adviser on 078 4192 6219 or Provita on 0800 328 4982.

Holiday Office Closure

We would like to thank all our customers for their business throughout the year of 2019. We wish you a very happy holiday season and a prosperous new year.

 

Office close down period  – Closing Monday 23rd December at 5.30pm and will reopen on Thursday 2nd Jan at 8.30am.  Last dispatch Friday 20th December.  First dispatch Monday 6th January 2020.  For anything urgent during this period, please email info@provita.co.uk

NEW PRODUCT: Bud Guard

Bud Guard spray for post debudding  is the latest new product from Provita Animal Health.

Bud Guard 500ml contains organic acids and essential oils (antibacterial and antifungal properties).  It is antibiotic free and It contains a unique film-forming agent that creates a water-proof barrier to help prevent contamination and aid quick healing.  The physical barrier from the spray helps to seal the area and reduce bleeding, if accidentally hit by calves when returned to pens or pasture.  For use once calf has been properly debudded with hot iron under anaesthesia.  It is simple to use, spray until area is sufficiently covered.

 

Horned cattle are a major management problem on farm, causing significant risks for both handlers and other stock.  Therefore calves should be debudded as soon as possible to avoid unnecessary dehorning procedures undertaken by vets only.  Dehorning does carry greater risks due to handling and side effects like cattle not thriving as well after due to the pain and stress.

Debudding is less likely to see regrowth of horn tissue as smaller buds are easier to remove completely by hot iron which is the preferred method.  Also there will be less problems and impact on thrift after debudding younger calves as appropriate anaesthesia and pain relief under adequate restraint can be done easily.

Written by George Shaw, Technical Adviser.  FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982

Vital Boost: OVER 3 litres of milk EXTRA at 60 DIM

VITAL BOOST: ON FARM TRIAL WORK

South Tyrone, 220 cow dairy herd, all year round calving.

100 cows or heifers (1st to 7th lactation animals) recruited to the trial between November 2018 and March 2019.  50 cows would receive Vital Boost feed and 50 cows would receive nothing. All cows got same feeding, housing, vaccinations and other routine management.  The milk yield and fertility parameters for followed for each cow or heifer with the following results recorded:

  • Milk yield results showed that cows that received Vital Boost at calving on average produced an EXTRA 2.8L OF MILK at 30 DAYS IN MILK and an EXTRA 3.3L of MILK at 60 DAYS IN MILK compared to cows that did not receive anything.
  • In terms of fertility, the average number of AI services (mix of semen, dairy and beef semen) needed for another confirmed pregnancy was:
    • services for Vital Boost treated heifers/cows compared to;
    • services for untreated heifers/cows
  • 62% cows given Vital Boost after calving were in calf again after 1st service compared to only 44% cows that were given nothing.

Dairy Winter Housing: Getting on Top of Lameness and Keeping it Low

Andrew Dale milks 110 Fleckvieh and Fleckvieh-cross cows near Limavady in partnership within his parents.  Rolling yields are around 6,500 litres with the aim to breakthrough 7,000 litre threshold soon.  The farm is focused on maximising output from forage with extended grazing and quality silage made.  Zero grazing has been introduced in the past two years to help achieve this aim on this fragmented farm.  In Spring 2017, Andrew identified a build-up of Digital Dermatitis (DD) related lameness and levels were unacceptably high for him. He contacted Provita and availed of the complimentary parlour and mobility scoring.  After the cows were scored it was confirmed that DD was indeed high with 70% of cows displaying various stages of DD.  Andrew was committed to reducing this figure by all means necessary.

Initially the cows were spot sprayed with Hoofsure Endurance at 25% dilution for 2 weeks followed by daily footbathing.  “We could see rapid progress within a few weeks, initially the active stages dropped down to 35%, and then further to 5% to 10%” confirmed Andrew. “We now manage to keep levels to this low percentage the majority of the year, with small intermittent rises when in the middle of autumn peak calving and full time winter housing commences.  But I know by keeping an eye on it, spraying more cows in the parlour, increasing the footbath frequency I get on top of it quickly.  Currently I am running the footbath daily at 2-3% as I have numerous freshly calved and early lactation cows going through which I want to keep right from day 1 and I know it will pay off as the winter months pass.”  Andrew has also noticed that the cows mobility is much improved, they are much more settled in the parlour and at the feed bunk and he has culled less cows due to lameness also.

Milking cows are footbathed 5-7 days per week and dry cows and heifers at least once a week. Andrew commented, “by regularly footbathing the dry cows and heifers has made a big difference and was quite easy to implement.  I now see less problems with freshly calved animals with DD and lameness and cows calf down with less problems too.  We have new heifer accommodation built on farm for this Autumn and I have made arrangements to have footbathing facilities in it.”

At the start of the programme back in 2017 there was a fair investment made in the product but by sticking with the recommendations we have seen very good results. I find the contact from Provita staff beneficial as it is an extra incentive to make sure you stick to the plan so that you don’t allow the DD levels to start to increase again. Also a fresh set of eyes can see things that you miss whenever you are trying to juggle all the various jobs that need done on a daily basis around the farm. With the feet right, the cows are performing better, overall health is very good and I believe every animal is nearing their full potential. I am now in the fortunate position where I can be more selective in breeding strategy as I can afford to let go of under-performing cows and hit the herd target of 7,000 litres per cow sooner rather than later.”

For more information please contact George Shaw, Technical Adviser on 078 4192 6219 or Provita on 0800 328 4982.

Be ready with the best RESPONSE to calf scour this Autumn and Winter period

The autumn calving season is well under way and unfortunately many herds will be forced to calf inside and remain inside for longer periods due to the unforgiving weather and grazing conditions.  Keeping newly born calves in at this time is certainly sensible but it could bring unwanted disease challenges in the incoming days and weeks as calving environments become repeatedly used and cattle numbers increase in the same space.  So it may seem the initial weeks of calving period are “easier”, with little issues to report, but this can quickly switch once calving numbers peak and environmental pressures of scouring causes bugs to reach levels able to cause infections.  Therefore appropriate management is needed to mitigate these circumstances.

 

Provita Response range contains beneficial bacteria, similar to Provita’s licensed Protect probiotic POM-VPS, egg powder, vitamins and energy.  It is available in 3 different delivery methods; Response Paste, Response Capsules and Response Powder.  The Response range is particular useful at birth and initial weeks of life for calves to boost gut health and survival.  It is particular useful in the following groups: premature, hard or prolonged calving, multiples, during scour outbreak, adopted or bought-in calves.

Provita’s Response range can be used during periods on farm when disease outbreaks traditionally occur.  Invariably this will happen between 7-14 days of age and it is not coincidental.  This is during a time when there is an immunity gap for the calf, when passive immunity from the maternal colostrum weans and the calf slowly starts to build up its own acquired immunity.  This “immunity gap” is a high risk period for infection so calves will need particular attention to push them through this period with no setbacks.

Dave Johnson from Harcourt Farm in Shrewsbury has been milking cows for 20 years.  He uses Provita Response calf paste on all his calves as soon as they are born. He explains that he does so to cut down his use of antibiotics and rehydration products – his motto is ‘Prevention is better than cure’.    Dave values his young stock and rears all his own heifers and believes that Provita Response calf paste gives them the best start.

Andrew Ladds from Benson Hall Farm in Kendal, Cumbria is also an advocate of Provita Response calf paste.  Milking 150 Dairy cows and keeping all his calves means he requires a product to counteract common deficiencies that can cause calf scour.  Andrew explains that he has learnt the hard way by losing two valuable calves when he switched to a different paste and now insists on Provita Response paste. He gives all his calves Provita Response paste as soon as they are born and it works to help keep them clear of scour.

Dairy farmer Emma Roskilly from Cornwall states, “I swear by Provita Response Paste. We have tried other products but none proved as effective. We now use it to give our calves a boost after scours, in stressful times like weaning and as an insurance policy to ensure that our calf survival rate is as high as possible.”

For more information contact George Shaw, Technical Adviser on 078 4192 6219 or Provita on 0800 328 4982.

 

£2 per head for winter period to improve performance in your herd

The autumn months can certainly be a busy period with suckler calf sales, housing of livestock and the slurry spreading deadline approaching.  This year is very different to 2018’s ‘back end’ with more unsettled weather, heavy bursts of rain and deteriorating ground conditions for nearly all parts of the country.  Although grazing cover in some areas is still good, the poorer weather makes performance gains harder to achieve and most farms will be looking to commence housing, or indeed have housed cattle already.

Problems from a variety of sources which cause disease outbreaks like pneumonia and dysentery can occur as different batches of cattle are housed and mixed and additional animals are bought-in, along with the sudden changing of the forage type from fresh to ensiled grass.  Therefore there is a need for good farm management practices to prevent outbreaks.  In terms of housing, it should be free from draughts, well ventilated, clean and dry, comfortable and properly stocked.  A major factor in the spread of infection is poor ventilation, where inadequate air movement results in stale, humid air conditions in which pathogenic organisms thrive. The chance of these problems occurring can be reduced by maintaining good air quality.

 

One method of improving air quality in livestock buildings is by fogging the air over the animals with Provita Promist, with the use of a mechanical fogger.  The natural organic acids in Provita Promist lower the environmental pH providing an environment inhibitory to pathogens.  It also reduces atmospheric dust and ammonia levels to improve the overall air quality.  Typically 25 litres of Promist can be used to fog housing for 100 cattle and only costs £2 per head for the housing period.  Promist is used regularly across Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

 

Large calf rearing unit

Approximately 2000 calves per year are reared on the farm and Promist is used to fog houses as calves arrive on farm as they come from many different sources so are exposed to a mixture of various airborne pathogens.  Before the use of Promist it was estimated 50% of the calves needed to be given an antibiotic for respiratory-related infections. Since using Provita Promist regularly, the effect was immediate and a significant improvement in the air quality resulted in only 5% of calves needing an antibiotic; this is a 90% reduction!

Mixed beef enterprise

Provita Promist is used to fog sheds when weanlings, young stores, finishers and suckler cow groups are housed from late September to early November.  The results are very noticeable when mixing various batches of cattle in the same air space as no groups develop acute coughs upon housing.  This means cattle settle quicker into the housing environment and has little impact on daily liveweight gains. The respiratory health of bought-in calves has also been greatly improved with use of Provita Promist.

Autumn calving herd

The farm has always favoured a “prevention rather than cure approach” to all matters of animal health.  With respect to this, the farm was advised to use Provita’s Promist product in the sheds as soon as the cattle are housed. It is used on a daily basis in the calf shed for the first month or so after housing and the results have been tremendous.  Respiratory related cases are kept to an absolute minimum and calves respond with excellent growth rates over 1kg per day being achieved.  Once calves settle into the winter housing, the frequency of fogging is cut back slightly.  This farm would “recommend the use of Promist to all farmers rearing calves and, particularly, on those farms where the risk of young stock taking pneumonia is high.”

For more information or to arrange an on-farm demonstration of Promist contact George Shaw, Technical Adviser on 078 4192 6219 or Provita on 0800 328 4982.

 

 

Rehydration and scour recovery

FIGHT SCOUR CAUSING AGENTS WITH PROVITA PROTECT POM-VPS

Calf scour is still the most common disease in young unweaned calves accounting for 50% of all calf deaths (ADAS Report).  Prevention of calf scour outbreaks requires implementation of good farm management practices.  This would include supply of high quality colostrum, be that maternal or branded replacer, timely vaccination of the mother against known scouring causing agents and administration of a medicinally licensed probiotic, Provita Protect POM-VPS.

Despite best practices and management, calf scour can still occur, therefore it is imperative to monitor calves daily to make swift interventions if required.

Rehydration and scour recovery

Calves can lose 5 to 10% of their body weight in water within 1 day of scouring.  To put this into context, fluid loss in excess of 8% requires intravenous (IV) drip treatment, highlighting importance of timely electrolyte intervention at first observation of illness as this will lend itself towards quickest recovery.  Early signs of dehydration include dullness, lack of appetite, watery stools that may be brown, grey, green or yellow in colour and development of sunken-eyed appearance as they become more dehydrated.

So for rehydration of the scouring calf, firstly make sure calves are strong enough to take an oral electrolyte with some desire to drink and a good swallowing reflex.  If calves appear weaker than this then IV therapy from your vet may be the best option.

Not electrolytes are made equal!

  • All electrolytes should have:
  • a readily available source of energy like glucose or dextrose;
  • electrolytes like sodium, potassium and chloride to replace lost electrolytes;
  • buffering agents to correct any acidosis;
  • amino acids like glutamine or glycine to improve water and electrolyte uptake by the body.
  • Other additives in electrolytes that can be added:
  • vitamins and minerals to correct any deficiencies due to scouring;
  • probiotics or prebiotics to replenish beneficial bacteria in the gut;
  • gelling agents to help delay passage of fluid in the gut to give more time for nutrient absorption

Prolyte Extra contains all of the aforementioned ingredient groups, at the correct levels, to aid in the quick recovery of scouring calves.  Prolyte Extra is formulated comprehensively to make a complete electrolyte so that the scouring calf gets everything it requires.

Re-establishment of gut health after scour

At times of stress e.g. scouring, the calf gut is very susceptible to an imbalance in gut bacteria composition. During this stress the trend is that the beneficial bacteria (like that contained in Provita’s Protect and Prolyte Extra) will decrease, whereas disease-causing bacteria like E. coli, has the opportunity to proliferate and cause further problems.

Therefore administration of beneficial bacteria to scouring/stressed calves seeks to re-establish the natural protective gut bacteria and return the animal to its normal nutritional, growth and health status as quickly as possible.

 

Provita has completed work to evidence the effectiveness of an electrolyte solution along with a probiotic in scour recovery. In published clinical report commissioned by Provita, results demonstrated that Protect and Prolyte Extra:

  1. Demonstrated a quicker recovery time in scouring calves;
  2. Accelerated the recovery of body condition to a normal healthy state in scouring calves;
  3. Treated scouring calves and proved to be as effective as the use of antibiotics

Milk feeding with Prolyte Extra

Calves should be fed milk as normal and beef calves allowed to suckle their mothers, along with supplemental feeds of Prolyte Extra.  Prolyte Extra can also be mixed with whole milk which invariably done on days 3 and 4 of treatment to finish the electrolyte administration course.

The withdrawal of milk is now contraindicated, as it results in malnourishment and weight loss in vulnerable calves that have poorly-developed fat stores.  Continued milk feeding not only provides the energy required for weight gain and growth throughout the period of scour, but also provides the nutrients that are necessary for the recovery of the intestinal mucosa.