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£2 per head for winter period to improve performance in your herd

The autumn months can certainly be a busy period with suckler calf sales, housing of livestock and the slurry spreading deadline approaching.  This year is very different to 2018’s ‘back end’ with more unsettled weather, heavy bursts of rain and deteriorating ground conditions for nearly all parts of the country.  Although grazing cover in some areas is still good, the poorer weather makes performance gains harder to achieve and most farms will be looking to commence housing, or indeed have housed cattle already.

Problems from a variety of sources which cause disease outbreaks like pneumonia and dysentery can occur as different batches of cattle are housed and mixed and additional animals are bought-in, along with the sudden changing of the forage type from fresh to ensiled grass.  Therefore there is a need for good farm management practices to prevent outbreaks.  In terms of housing, it should be free from draughts, well ventilated, clean and dry, comfortable and properly stocked.  A major factor in the spread of infection is poor ventilation, where inadequate air movement results in stale, humid air conditions in which pathogenic organisms thrive. The chance of these problems occurring can be reduced by maintaining good air quality.

 

One method of improving air quality in livestock buildings is by fogging the air over the animals with Provita Promist, with the use of a mechanical fogger.  The natural organic acids in Provita Promist lower the environmental pH providing an environment inhibitory to pathogens.  It also reduces atmospheric dust and ammonia levels to improve the overall air quality.  Typically 25 litres of Promist can be used to fog housing for 100 cattle and only costs £2 per head for the housing period.  Promist is used regularly across Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

 

Large calf rearing unit

Approximately 2000 calves per year are reared on the farm and Promist is used to fog houses as calves arrive on farm as they come from many different sources so are exposed to a mixture of various airborne pathogens.  Before the use of Promist it was estimated 50% of the calves needed to be given an antibiotic for respiratory-related infections. Since using Provita Promist regularly, the effect was immediate and a significant improvement in the air quality resulted in only 5% of calves needing an antibiotic; this is a 90% reduction!

Mixed beef enterprise

Provita Promist is used to fog sheds when weanlings, young stores, finishers and suckler cow groups are housed from late September to early November.  The results are very noticeable when mixing various batches of cattle in the same air space as no groups develop acute coughs upon housing.  This means cattle settle quicker into the housing environment and has little impact on daily liveweight gains. The respiratory health of bought-in calves has also been greatly improved with use of Provita Promist.

Autumn calving herd

The farm has always favoured a “prevention rather than cure approach” to all matters of animal health.  With respect to this, the farm was advised to use Provita’s Promist product in the sheds as soon as the cattle are housed. It is used on a daily basis in the calf shed for the first month or so after housing and the results have been tremendous.  Respiratory related cases are kept to an absolute minimum and calves respond with excellent growth rates over 1kg per day being achieved.  Once calves settle into the winter housing, the frequency of fogging is cut back slightly.  This farm would “recommend the use of Promist to all farmers rearing calves and, particularly, on those farms where the risk of young stock taking pneumonia is high.”

For more information or to arrange an on-farm demonstration of Promist contact George Shaw, Technical Adviser on 078 4192 6219 or Provita on 0800 328 4982.

 

 

Rehydration and scour recovery

FIGHT SCOUR CAUSING AGENTS WITH PROVITA PROTECT POM-VPS

Calf scour is still the most common disease in young unweaned calves accounting for 50% of all calf deaths (ADAS Report).  Prevention of calf scour outbreaks requires implementation of good farm management practices.  This would include supply of high quality colostrum, be that maternal or branded replacer, timely vaccination of the mother against known scouring causing agents and administration of a medicinally licensed probiotic, Provita Protect POM-VPS.

Despite best practices and management, calf scour can still occur, therefore it is imperative to monitor calves daily to make swift interventions if required.

Rehydration and scour recovery

Calves can lose 5 to 10% of their body weight in water within 1 day of scouring.  To put this into context, fluid loss in excess of 8% requires intravenous (IV) drip treatment, highlighting importance of timely electrolyte intervention at first observation of illness as this will lend itself towards quickest recovery.  Early signs of dehydration include dullness, lack of appetite, watery stools that may be brown, grey, green or yellow in colour and development of sunken-eyed appearance as they become more dehydrated.

So for rehydration of the scouring calf, firstly make sure calves are strong enough to take an oral electrolyte with some desire to drink and a good swallowing reflex.  If calves appear weaker than this then IV therapy from your vet may be the best option.

Not electrolytes are made equal!

  • All electrolytes should have:
  • a readily available source of energy like glucose or dextrose;
  • electrolytes like sodium, potassium and chloride to replace lost electrolytes;
  • buffering agents to correct any acidosis;
  • amino acids like glutamine or glycine to improve water and electrolyte uptake by the body.
  • Other additives in electrolytes that can be added:
  • vitamins and minerals to correct any deficiencies due to scouring;
  • probiotics or prebiotics to replenish beneficial bacteria in the gut;
  • gelling agents to help delay passage of fluid in the gut to give more time for nutrient absorption

Prolyte Extra contains all of the aforementioned ingredient groups, at the correct levels, to aid in the quick recovery of scouring calves.  Prolyte Extra is formulated comprehensively to make a complete electrolyte so that the scouring calf gets everything it requires.

Re-establishment of gut health after scour

At times of stress e.g. scouring, the calf gut is very susceptible to an imbalance in gut bacteria composition. During this stress the trend is that the beneficial bacteria (like that contained in Provita’s Protect and Prolyte Extra) will decrease, whereas disease-causing bacteria like E. coli, has the opportunity to proliferate and cause further problems.

Therefore administration of beneficial bacteria to scouring/stressed calves seeks to re-establish the natural protective gut bacteria and return the animal to its normal nutritional, growth and health status as quickly as possible.

 

Provita has completed work to evidence the effectiveness of an electrolyte solution along with a probiotic in scour recovery. In published clinical report commissioned by Provita, results demonstrated that Protect and Prolyte Extra:

  1. Demonstrated a quicker recovery time in scouring calves;
  2. Accelerated the recovery of body condition to a normal healthy state in scouring calves;
  3. Treated scouring calves and proved to be as effective as the use of antibiotics

Milk feeding with Prolyte Extra

Calves should be fed milk as normal and beef calves allowed to suckle their mothers, along with supplemental feeds of Prolyte Extra.  Prolyte Extra can also be mixed with whole milk which invariably done on days 3 and 4 of treatment to finish the electrolyte administration course.

The withdrawal of milk is now contraindicated, as it results in malnourishment and weight loss in vulnerable calves that have poorly-developed fat stores.  Continued milk feeding not only provides the energy required for weight gain and growth throughout the period of scour, but also provides the nutrients that are necessary for the recovery of the intestinal mucosa.

ProVitaMin Sheep – Read what satisfied flock owners have to say

“Split flock trials showed a 10-15% increase in lambs scanned using ProVitaMin in comparison to our previously preferred drench.”

“ProVitaMin drench is used pre-tupping and on all lambs before weaning to boost weight gain and overall condition for show and sales.  It is a versatile drench and with the small volume application a bottle goes a long way.”

“The flock was split into two groups – the ewes drenched with ProVitaMin tupped several days before those tupped with the competitor product. The ProVitaMin drench was much easier to use as it was a smaller amount given.”

“The results obtained with ProVitaMin were nothing short of remarkable.  Of the two ewes flushed that year, one produced 25 embryos which the other produced 19.  Subsequent to this 23 of the embryos produced were implanted into commercial recipients leading to 18 lambs scanned.  Also used on all the flock, fertility has dramatically improved.”

“The first round of ProVitaMin drench helps boost ewe fertility levels while the second acts to increase lamb vitality. I also ensure that the ewes selected for AI receive the mineral and vitamin boost.  All the lambs get ProVitaMin prior to weaning. This ensures that growth rates are not reduced, once they are taken off their mothers.”

“Using ProVitaMin has boosted ewe and lamb performance in terms of fertility and growth rate. This has resulted in an extra ½ lamb per ewe sold for us this year.”

Lameness: a critical issue for ewe and lamb health

Lameness negatively impacts not only welfare but sheep performance too.  Persistent lameness can lead to reduced weight gain, metabolic diseases in pregnant ewes, reduced birthweight of lambs, mis-mothering and poor colostrum production by ewes (Harwood et al., 1997; Henderson, 1990).   The subsequent cost alone of lameness to the sheep industry is estimated to be €5 million annually.  Footrot is the most common cause of lameness and is present on over 90% of farms.  Other common conditions implicated in lameness include scald and contagious ovine digital dermatitis (CODD).  Scald, which is a precursor to footrot, is often characterised by reddening and loss of hair between the hooves; it can be easily controlled by appropriate foot bathing.  Farmers who implement an effective footbathing and topical application plan will benefit from a reduction in lameness and increase in profits.  Correct diagnosis should be performed by veterinary practitioner.

Sheep Footbathing – Use a tried and tested Solution

A comparative bioassay in a study by Queens University Belfast indicated that Provita Hoofsure Endurance was most effective in destroying bacteria, even in the presence of contamination.  Its antibacterial activity is more effective than the most commonly used copper sulfate and formaldehyde.  The study also confirmed that 400 sheep passes can be achieved through a 100 litre footbath provided depth is maintained.  In a separate independent clinical study from a renowned bio-sciences institute on the effectiveness of footbath solutions in sheep found that 65% of sheep improved after one pass through a footbath containing Hoofsure Endurance at 2% dilution rate.

 

Sheep Topical Application

Effective topical products play an important role in a lameness control plan.  For larger and more chronic lesions, Hoofsure Konquest can be used.  Provita developed Hoofsure Konquest hoof gel in conjunction with Queens University Belfast.  Konquest hoof gel is a concentrated proprietary blend of organic acids and essential oils.  It is formulated to possess bio-adhesive and potent penetrating action so it sticks to the skin and hoof and effectively gets to the source of infection.

 

Hoofsure Combat is a unique film-forming spray which provides long-lasting activity and aids the healing process.  For use on scald and to decrease re-infection, a high number of applications is available in each bottle making it cost-effective.  Both Konquest and Combat are anti-biotic and copper free!

 

Written by George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk, 07841 926219.  References available on request

For more information FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982 or info@provita.co.uk

 

ProVitaMin Sheep Drench is champion for top Suffolk breeder

The month of August is nearly behind us and pedigree sheep sales have commenced with good trade seen for quality, well-bred stock.  Preparations for 2020 lambing season are certainly in full swing with the acquisition of sought after bloodlines for both pedigree and commercial breeders.  With planning ongoing on the breeding side, consideration should be given to the animal health planning now prior to breeding, with results carrying through to lambing time. Vitamin and mineral status of breeding ewes, and do not forget rams, will impact on scanning rates and lambing spread.  Therefore application of a quality vitamin and mineral like ProVitaMin Sheep drench will boost these parameters.William Tait breeds pedigree Suffolk sheep near the Gortin Glen, Co. Tyrone under the flock prefix of Burnview.  William breeds a select batch of approximately 60 ewes every year with the view to selling 50 rams and 50 females each year.  His aim is to take a pen to Kelso and Stirling sales, locally at Ballymena export sale and some of his very best across to the National Suffolk show in Shrewsbury each year.  William is a definitely a seasoned participant in Suffolk shows and sales, taking multiple prizes at Balmoral Show 2019.  He was extremely pleased to be placed Reserved Champion at the National Show this past July, which later went for 6,600gns when the hammer fell.  This ram lamb was 6th place at the Balmoral Show 2019 and is a full brother of the 10,000gns Burnview Bombay Sapphire sold at Stirling in 2018.

This small extract evidences the quality of sheep kept by William.  To take full advantage of these bloodlines, a good portion of the Burnview ewes will be bred by AI and others flushed for embryos to transfer to recipients. William was keen to point out, “this type of breeding practice is fairly  expensive and time-consuming, so to maximise the success rates and get the best returns we consciously drench ewes with ProVitaMin Sheep drench before AI, flushing and embryo transfer. Since using the drench the results have been excellent and we contribute a lot of the success to the healthy vitamin/mineral status of our sheep with ProVitaMin use.”  William continued, “ProVitaMin Sheep drench is also used on all lambs before weaning and thereafter to boost weight gain and overall condition so they are in the best shape for shows and sales.  It is a versatile drench and with the small volume application a bottle goes a long way.”

ProVitaMin Sheep drench is manufactured in Provita’s feed approved facility in Omagh, only a small number of miles from the Burnview flock.  ProVitaMin Sheep Drench contains 24 vitamins and minerals in a concentrated mixture (10ml maximum feed per ewe) for ease-of-use and value for money. Each vitamin and mineral is carefully sourced so they are of the highest quality and, importantly available in a form that will be readily absorbed by the animal for maximum effects.

Users of ProVitaMin continue to see fantastic results which is well received by George Shaw, Technical Adviser.  “It is very pleasing to see local farmers like William Tait reaping the benefits of Provita’s vitamin/mineral drenches.  William and everyone involved at Burnview flock put a lot of effort into the breeding, preparation and showing of their sheep and from these results it is paying dividends.  Using ProVitaMin Sheep drench is a small part of that management but it is having big results. It would be fair to say that if you put quality stock and quality products together, you will get a winning result!”

Written by George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk, 07841 926219.

For more information FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982 or info@provita.co.uk

Tackle lameness before it hits your bottom line

The current grazing season has been a stark contrast to 2018 for many, with plentiful grass supplies available to grazed livestock throughout the country.  Even this can have its drawbacks, especially for lambs, with a greater likelihood of scald occurring.  Recent weeks have seen increased enquiries to Provita relating to sheep lameness and the Hoofsure range.  Unfortunately lamb prices lately have dropped but positively this past week that trend has reversed for a much needed lift.  That being said margins are tighter, therefore to carry any number of lame sheep will have a significant impact on profits due to treatment cost, reduction in weight gain and greater amount of days spent on farm.

Hoofsure Endurance can be used as a 25% topical spray in conjunction with or as an alternative to footbathing in dairy cattle.  Provita Konquest gel is a unique concentrated blend with potent penetrating action and advanced bio-adhesion properties.  It can be used with or without a bandage on those larger lesions.  Provita Combat is a unique film-forming spray which provides long-lasting activity and aids the healing process. It contains a unique blend of organic acids and essential oils for maximum effect.

 

Topical application – CATTLE

While footbathing plays a vital role in preventing many lameness conditions, topical applications to lesions are required where infection rates or pressure are high.  Even with an effective foot bathing programme, the incidence of Digital Dermatitis (DD) on any given farm will have intermittent spikes.  This may be due to stocking rate changes, increased calving periods, seasonal factors, etc.  The best way to manage lesions associated with DD is to identify them early and treat directly.  Early intervention prior to onset of lameness can resolve the lesion quickly and avoid much of the unnecessary associated economic loss.  For instance, a typical DD case will cost £99 per case (AHDB source) due to treatments costs, milk loss and reduced fertility performance. For immature lesions, Provita have developed a unique non-antibiotic spray, namely Hoofsure Combat.  This topical spray plaster acts rapidly on contact to form a waterproof film which seals out dirt and bacteria thus stopping re-infection while allowing natural healing.  This can be applied on consecutive days for up to 1 week as required.  Hoofsure Konquest gel is for those larger lesions (>2cm) which may require a light bandage application.  A 24 hour contact time with the infectious lesion is ample time for treatment and avoids leaving tight bandages on for longer than necessary which can have negative effects.  Also Konquest contains no antibiotics with the added benefit of no milk withdrawal period.

As Summer 2019 draws to an end (*sigh*) and we edge ever closer to autumn/winter rehousing, this presents an ideal opportunity to put in a concerted effort to tackle any lameness concerns.  This means farms will be starting from a healthy low base of lameness before housing, making it easier to reduce and manage any unwanted spikes.

Topical application – SHEEP

With recent guidance saying that foot trimming does not have a place for controlling infectious lameness in sheep (Farmers Weekly 26-7-19).  In fact latest research  has shown it may exacerbate the problem and lead to the spread of infectious bodies via equipment and between sheep.  Thus the use of effective topical treatments is more important, and Provita’s Combat spray and Konquest gel would have a role to play in any sheep lameness plan. The film-forming action of Combat makes it tremendously beneficial for scald treatment and prevents reinfection of area.  A high number of applications is available in each bottle making it cost-effective.  For those “harder to treat”, more chronic lesions, Konquest gel would be the chosen product. Available in 300g jars or 30g syringes for ease of use and works quickly to treat and reduce pain of lameness.

Written by George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk, 07841 926219.  *references available on request

For more information FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982 or info@provita.co.uk

 

Bud Guard 500ml New Product

NEW PRODUCT:  BUD GUARD for after debudding 

BUY 1 GET 1 FREE at participating outlets while stocks last

Bud Guard spray for after debudding  is the latest new product from Provita Animal Health.

Bud Guard 500ml contains organic acids and essential oils (antibacterial and antifungal properties).  It is antibiotic free and It contains a unique film-forming agent that creates a water-proof barrier to help prevent contamination and aid quick healing.  The physical barrier from the spray helps to seal the area and reduce bleeding, if accidentally hit by calves when returned to pens or pasture.  For use once calf has been properly debudded with hot iron under anaesthesia.  It is simple to use, spray until area is sufficiently covered.

Horned cattle are a major management problem on farm, causing significant risks for both handlers and other stock.  Therefore calves should be debudded as soon as possible to avoid unnecessary dehorning procedures undertaken by vets only.  Dehorning does carry greater risks due to handling and side effects like cattle not thriving as well after due to the pain and stress.

Debudding is less likely to see regrowth of horn tissue as smaller buds are easier to remove completely by hot iron which is the preferred method.  Also there will be less problems and impact on thrift after debudding younger calves as appropriate anaesthesia and pain relief under adequate restraint can be done easily.

Written by George Shaw, Technical Adviser

FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982

 

Bank Holiday Closure

Provita Animal Health will be closed Thursday 11th and Friday 12th July, re-open Monday 15th July.

Maximising Ewe & flock performance with Provita Advance+ Silage Inoculant

Maximising Ewe & flock performance with Provita Advance+ Silage Inoculant

Every farmer would like control of factors beyond the farmgate, but this cannot be the case. With both beef and lamb prices volatile, there is obvious uncertainty what future prices.  Nevertheless the majority of farmers are resilient to this and been through this all before, and  now know to focusing on things within the farmgate to improve efficiencies and target better profitability.

John Martin runs a mixed enterprise at Gordonall farm, Greyabbey and focuses heavily on farm efficiency. When asked to summarise his management approach, John stated, “do it once and do it right, keep things simple and control what you can and pay attention to detail.” Gordonall is predominantly a sheep enterprise with 650 composite breeding ewes going to the ram, 17 acres of spring barley for on-farm feed and straw, and 38 acres of willow is grown as an alternative crop.  Also breeding dairy heifers from a neighbour were wintered on a bed and breakfast system.

Nutrition is the largest variable cost associated with sheep production, and so many sheep farmers like John Martin, seek to improve its management.  Like most traditional production systems, sheep nutrition has been based on a “least cost” system with the aim of minimising feeding costs without limiting production (in terms of ewe and lamb health, number of lambs born alive per ewe, and lamb growth rates).  Similar to the situation in dairy and beef herds, significant savings can be made in feed costs where forage quality is excellent, and good quality forage can be capable of meeting the energy and protein requirements of the ewe until the latter stages of pregnancy.

Grazing is in full swing with a rotational system employed at Gordonall.  Focus on grass quality does not stop there with a big emphasis by John placed on making the best quality grass silage each year.  Approximately a third of the farm is taken for a 1st cut silage. It is grazed first by the sheep and is closed off as early as possible. This produces a thick high-yielding high-quality sward.   John commented, “Sheep are very fussy about silage so it must be high quality. However you do need to control their intakes during the winter, as it is healthy for them to lose a little body condition (BCS), good coming up to lambing. We can certainly still do this with high quality silage fed to pregnant ewes based on required intakes relative to BCS.”

John took his 1st cut just after the first May Day Bank Holiday.  It was cut dry but unfortunately saw rain on the ground.  Nevertheless it was ensiled in good order and John was happy with the yield and quality.  John said, “he would prefer wet leafy silage to dry stemmy silage as it would still produce better results” and he went on to say, “grass should be cut when it is ready within reason.”  This must be a recipe for success as John was awarded 1st place in the UFU Silage Making Beef and Sheep category for the 2018 season. Well done John!

The cost between making good quality and poorer quality silage is not that different with similar fertiliser, contracting and cover costs.  The actual fact, real cost will come when it comes to feeding out that silage when lower daily liveweight gain is achieved from forage and more concentrates fed. For instance, high feed-value grass silage can reduce concentrate requirement by approximately 75% whilst maintaining animal performance,  So really what does make the real difference for silage quality is the cutting stage and the use, or not, of a good additive.  Additionally a good silage additive is only a small percentage of the total cost needed to make silage per tonne, therefore it will produce a beneficial return of investment.

One ingredient that has been ever present over the years for John Martin is Provita Advance+ silage inoculant. It supplies 1.2 million CFU’s per gram of forage of a unique triple strain bacterial mixture which is freshly blended at Provita’s Omagh facility.  Advance+ produces a rapid fermentation to reduce dry matter losses, increased sugar content, increased available energy and reduced unwanted spoilage to help at feedout.  This accumulates to produce a better quality forage that results in better animal performance.

John summarises the benefit of Advance, “We have had consistently good silage since using Advance+, even in wetter years or more difficult conditions. I am very happy to continue using Advance+ on future crops.”

For more info FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982.  Written by George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk, 07841 926219

 

 

 

Provita at NSA Northern Ireland

Provita at NSA Sheep N.Ireland – Visit Stand 57 for Special Show Offers!

https://www.nationalsheep.org.uk/events/nsa-sheep-northern-ireland/

Provita Animal Health are delighted to be exhibiting at NSA Sheep Northern Ireland once again at Ballymena Livestock Mart for another fantastic event on Monday 1st July 2019.

ProVitaMin Sheep drench is an ultra-concentrated oral liquid to counteract deficiencies in sheep and lambs, and to boost fertility in ewes.  It provides 25 broad spectrum elements in a concentrated blend of chelated minerals for slow release and sustained benefit, and vitamins and trace elements for maximum bioavailability.  ProVitaMin is highly-concentrated meaning it is easier to administer and cost-effective.  ProVitaMin is available in Sheep drench with and without copper, and also a Cobalt, Selenium and B12 formulation in 3 pack sizes – 1 litre, 2.5 litre and 5 litre.

Your livestock can have access to the best available forage and feed, but if their vitamin and mineral status is off balance, they will not be utilising the nutrients from feed to its full potential.  Marginal trace element deficiencies can reduce growth, reproduction and impact health, even if few clinical signs of deficiency show.  With the grazing season now in full swing, it is never too late to think about the trace element status of your flock.  The more changeable and damper conditions of late impacts on vitamin and mineral availability from pasture.  The mineral content of grass will depend largely upon the mineral availability in the soil and the current soil pH.  Soil analysis is therefore required to accurately manage a grass sward for mineral and vitamin content.  If minerals are found to be deficient, it is certainly beneficial to provide livestock with supplementary vitamins and minerals.

Hoofsure Range: Lameness in sheep levels rise during the summer months due to the higher stocking rate, longer grass and damp conditions. On local sheep farms the main two causal agents of lameness are footrot and scald. These represent approximately 90% of all cases. The remaining 10% arise from various different infections and other causes such as injuries.  Farmers who change their management to include footbathing as part of a sheep lameness control plan will benefit from a reduction in lame sheep and a subsequent increase in profits.  An independent study on the effectiveness of footbath solutions for sheep with feet problems showed improvements after one pass through a footbath containing Provita Hoofsure Endurance 2%*

For sheep farmers, lameness is a huge welfare problem in flocks.  Recent studies have shown sheep lameness cases can cost up to £16.50 case.  90% of sheep lameness is caused by either scald or foot rot, both of which are manageable conditions.  As an industry, sheep farmers have been targeted to reduce overall flock lameness to below 5%; which will require a planned, concerted effort with using of an effective product range such as Provita’s Hoofsure Range.  For the sheep farmer, frequency of footbathing is key.  Typically footbath with Hoofsure Endurance at 1-2% dilution rate, every 2-4 weeks at grass between grazing rotations. If housed e.g. lambing or finishing lambs, it best to footbath weekly.  We often receive feedback from shepherds saying sheep lameness improved even after as little as 1-2 passes, highlighting the effectiveness of the Hoofsure Endurance solution.

Lamb Response: Watery mouth, which is an infection of the small intestine caused by E. coli, and scour account for most neonatal deaths in lambs.  Recent data shows that 50% of neonatal lamb E. coli infection is already resistant to the most commonly used antibiotic!  Provita Lamb Response is an oral supplement providing beneficial bacteria, egg powder and vitamins to help protect the sterile gut, fight harmful bacteria and stimulate the immune system.  Supporting the lamb and helping the farmer meet antibiotic reduction targets. Newborn lambs are also susceptible to hypothermia and energy deficiency.  Provita Jump Start is high in energy, minerals and vitamins to provide instant and slow release and to counteract common deficiencies.

*references available on request.  For more info FREEPHONE 0800 328 4982.  Written by George Shaw, MPharm MPSNI, Technical Adviser, george.shaw@provita.co.uk, 07841 926219